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中国传统文化之旅 : 探寻张家界魅力风景,解密湘西千年古文化


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张家界,这个地方似乎很熟悉,小时候看过的电视剧西游记,最近几年看的电影阿凡达、大闹天宫、大圣归来、钟馗伏魔、捉妖记、心花路放里面全都有张家界的身影;这个地方似乎又很陌生,“九寨沟看水,张家界看山”的名声虽然早已经如雷贯耳,但却从未亲身感受。

有人说,没看过沈从文文章的人就读不懂凤凰厚重的历史,没见过凤凰夜色的人也不能完全感受湘西苗家的风土民情。这次,我们就好好的亲身体验了一把。

 

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今年五月深圳国际预科学院社会实践周的“中国传统文化”之旅,一部分同学前往了湖南张家界,了解湘西文化张家界之行,让我们充分领略了湘西的独特魅力,绝美的景色完全颠覆了我们的期待,这里的美,与众不同。这个被从大山深处发掘出来的奇特峰林地貌和壮丽喀斯特景观,还有威武雄壮的天门山,夜色迷离的溪布街,都让我们为之倾倒,仿佛置身于仙山仙境之中。整个旅程就仿佛是一场梦境一般,这里的景象既熟悉,又陌生,既动人心魄,又让人流连忘返。



01湘西苗家文化

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湘西地区的苗家文化,绝不是你行走于各个人山人海的景点,和古城内沿街叫卖的店铺所呈现的样子,除了沈从文的诗意,还有苗人千百年来守护的苗家文化。

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主人家在唱歌


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 我们在对歌


苗寨内享用特色餐苗家 “苗王宴”。墨戎苗寨长拢宴是苗族宴席的中最高接待仪式,已有几千的历史。来了客人上了好菜。如果客人不对歌,客人进不了门。主人家唱歌的内容是欢迎我们的到来的。

我们以对歌的形式回应了,而且还对了两首,一首是学生们熟悉的科学歌曲Water Cycle水循环 (Tracy老师在偷笑中, 说明大家上科学课还是很认真的),另外一首是由我们的外教William领唱的中文歌曲《我们不一样》。对完歌顺利通关,我们有幸进入到寨内,马上就被寨里的悠美的风景吸引住了,坐山面湖,感觉生活在世外桃源之处。


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山寨坐落在山中,有种与世隔绝的感觉

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哈哈,William老师“结婚”了


在寨里,我们品了当地的茶,欣赏了当地的舞蹈, 品尝了当地的菜,了解了当地的文化,这样的体验还是非常难得的。在了解到当地的婚俗时才知道,原本男方要先在女方家里先试婚三年(以干重活为主,砍三年的柴,并打制银手镯等),如果未达到要求,女方是可以退婚的。而我们的William老师则真实地体验了苗族的“结婚”。


02凤凰古城

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凤凰古城,差不多是世人了解的湘西的全部,烟雨沱江、吊脚楼、小背篓、青石板、南长城,还有美丽的苗族少女。一泓沱水绕城过、一条红红石板街、一道风雨古城墙、一座雄伟古城楼、一个美丽彩虹桥、一排小桥吊脚楼,这就是传说中的凤凰古镇。



03张家界国家森林公园

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这是中国第一个国家森林公园,我们游览了“鬼斧神工”之作的袁家界核心景区, 《阿凡达》外景拍摄地——哈利路亚山,探寻影视阿凡达中群山漂浮、星罗棋布的玄幻莫测世界;参观云雾飘绕、峰峦叠嶂、气势磅礴的迷魂台,及天下第一桥等空中绝景

 

 

04黄龙洞

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洞中灯火阑珊、石笋林立,犹如一株株古木错节盘根、 洞中有洞、洞中有河、无奇不有,真乃名副其实的“地下魔宫”,洞中还有投保一亿元的石笋定海神针、响水河、龙王聚会厅、天仙水、天柱街等著名景点。


 

下面我们来看看老师和的同学们

对此次张家界中国传统文化之旅的分享吧!

 

SIFC Fieldtrip to Zhang Jia Jie

By Mr. William

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On this spring week of the second semester of the school year 2018-2019, students of SIFC have had the opportunity to create great memories by going to an enriching fieldtrip in Zhang Jia Jie in northwestern Hunan Province. As a foreign teacher living in China for many years, I had of course heard about the region and its magnificent scenery, and so I was so excited to be part of this great outer school activity.

For an entire week, we had the chance to visit multiple areas in the region and I was myself very impress by the unique beautiful landscape and culture of the place. On the first two days, we admired the iconic scenery of the tall and steep mountains of Zhang Jia Jie. We took many walks in the national park and took as much photos to remember ourselves of this paradisiac place that inspired the well-known Hollywood box office movie Avatar. We then move to another town to visit an ecological park where the fauna and flora is protected. We saw nature at its best with wonderful lakes, waterfalls and wildlife such as the local monkeys.

Finally we went to visit the renowned and epic old town of FengHuang. There, we admired the beautiful scenery of the combination and the blending between the old buildings and the river flowing between this magical architecture. And a little further to the town, we got to visit the Miao ethnic group, where we were taught about their historical and unique way of life. Over there, I got this great opportunity to be part of a Miao marriage and play the role of spouse, hahaha. In conclusion, I am so grateful to have accompanied the students of the middle school in this great outdoor activity, and I have seen and learn so much. What an enriching experience!

 


张家界之行

文/李铮铮 Zen

 

这是一次难忘的旅行,也是一次获益良多的旅行。

首先,这次是第一次与同学一起外出参加社会实践周,而这种旅行也有一种意料之外的好处:能看出来大部分同学的性格,而这样子也能使自己知道以后该怎么样和其他同学交往了。人际关系变好,交际能力增强,这是第一个收获。

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其次,这次旅程我们还是看到很多值得留恋的美好事物;我们看见了袁家界高耸入云的天然长城;我们看见了凤凰古城一个世纪以来的山雨欲来风满楼;我们看见了苗寨里纯朴的异族风情……开阔了我们的视野,了解祖国的壮丽河山,了解了更多的中国传统文化,这是我们的第二个收获。

然后,就是当地的饮食了。作为一个不喜欢吃辣(只喜欢吃福建人)的广东人,我要感谢导游,感谢她让团餐的食物变得不是那么辣(绝望.jpg)。除去辣这一部分,湖南的饮食东西来说还是很棒的:豆腐、腊肉,都是我的爱。而作为一个吃货,这也算是一个个人的收获:吃到其他地方的美食。

这些就是我这次的收获了,最后,感谢导游和老师们辛辛苦苦带了我们一路,你们辛苦了。

 

 

张家界之行

文/叶泠慧 Emily


5月20日是我们集体出游的第一天,我们的目的地是张家界。很早就听闻那里的风景很美所以就挺期待的,还是和同学一起去,所以觉得蛮高兴。那天我们5点集合6点出发因为司机来的早了一点所以我就很早的到了学校,当时人还不多也能看出来同学都很期待去旅行,我们集合完就去了机场,但不顺利的是因为飞机场的原因我们的飞机延误了导致最后1:00多才起飞但这也没耽搁大家出游的兴致。老师也为了让我们多睡一些时间特意把第二天的行程往后挪了很多,所以我们当天在9点多才起的床之后吃完饭就去了武凌源区。

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这三天分别都看了各式各样的山和美景,之后还去了黄龙洞,那里的石头真的是很酷炫,我也觉得那里的人脑洞都蛮大的,每一块石头都有不一样的故事,真的是很奇妙。最后结束武凌区的是一个当地的演出,演员表演的都很精彩,到了最后一天我们去了苗寨,那里的饭菜还是可以的,我们在那里喝了茶,了解了当地文化,还看到了很特殊的银制品,之后我们便从张家界的机场返回了深圳,这一路上每天的步数都是13000步以上,有一次还到了19000,真的是蛮累的,但还是很开心滴。

 


The Trip to Zhangjiajie

By John 杨跃翰

 

The Zhangjiajie is a place which is beautiful and surround by a lot of mountains and forest, as well as my hometown, this trip is very interesting.

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The first day, we arrived at Zhangjiajie, we first go to the Zahngjiajie national park, I see a lot of beautiful landscape and some different shape of mountains, although in Shenzhen, there’s also have a lot different shape of mountains, but I still think that the mountains in Zhangjiajie are beautiful. On the second day, we went to the Huanglong cave. Inside of this cave, there are numerous different shape but very beautiful rocks, these rock are growing every day, but people cannot notice that in one day, there is a special rock which were reach at the top of this cave. On the third day, we went to Baofeng lake, this is the biggest lake In China, this lake has a fall, this fall are very high, it is near the Baofeng lake, there are some giant salamander, we can buy some food for them. On the fourth day, we went to the fenghuang ancient city, there is beautiful with it night. The fifth day, we see the landscape in fenghuang ancient city, and we went to miao stockaded village, it is beautiful. 



Field Trip to Hunan

By Katie 张梦湲


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The trip to Zhang Jiajie let us have a good chance to enjoy the time that we could play together for about 5 days.  Even though the flights was delayed we still played like Crazy children. 

When we arrived at the hotel. It was already 4 o'clock . So we went to bed as fast as we can.  Waiting for the coming of the next day.

The" real" trip is start now!  First we visits the mountain of Zhang jiajie, Yhang jiajie and Yuan jiajie. The mountain was really high.  We have to ride elevator, the world's highest elevator to get to the top of the mountain. We also tried the Hunan's food. The next three days we have visited Miao village, Phoenix Water town and blablabla. The sad thing is, we saw a bunch of garbage are floating on the water of the Phoenix Water town. We thought it was the “resource” of the GPGP (great pacific garbage patch.) Many people threw garbage in the water and they think it was just normal, but for us, it was a horrible action to the marine animals because we have learned that. So I think everyone in this world have to know that we need to save the sea animals, by little by little.



ZhangJiaJie Travel Notes

By Alison 林渺淼 

 

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Back to the day that I first gone to the ZhangJiaJie, I still remember when I  arrived I was appointment about the hotel. However, now I think this will be a memorable adventure.

When we arrived at the foot of a hill I was totally distractive by the spectacular mountain ranges and captivated by those magnificent pose of the mountains.      

And then, we went to the ten miles gallery. But why should we name this long corridor the ten miles gallery? Because of the nearby beautiful scenery, over the ten miles corridor is the grand mountain ranges. It's really tiring when you walk all of it ten miles corridor.   

Then, we went to The Yellow Dragon Cave. It’s colorful inside, in the cave everywhere has different light. When you arrive the lake inside the Yellow Dragon Cave. You can get on the boat and see how beautiful it is. Every strange rock, different shape, distract your attention. 

After that I think it’s the Phoenix Town. It’s really beautiful and grand. It’s old but when you see it closer I can promise you will love it.                          

At last, we gone to the Miao Village, the people right there aren’t like us they were really enthusiastic and kind. 

I believe it's the most interesting travel I have ever done. I climbed  mountains, walked twenty miles, I studied the things about the Miao Village, I remember how beautiful is the Yellow Dragon cave is, I got lot of lot of interesting things I had ever learned. It’s really a precious memories.

 

 

A Tour to ZhangJiaJie

By Crystal 卢心澂

 

On the beginning of our “Zhangjiajie”field trip, Which is Sunday, May 19th, I went out with a suitcase and a bag that full of luggage. I was surprised and cannot believe that the day had come so quickly. But the touch of my bag and the ticket in my hand seem so realistic.

In this way, the trip had began,we visited many attractions. They are all beautiful and fascinating,But the attraction that impressed me the most is Fenghuang ancient town. It is located in the southwest of Jiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture in Hunan province.

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The origin of its name is very attractive to me because I think it is interesting,story is like this: in ancient times there were five giant sycamore trees planted here, representing five directions. These sycamore trees once welcomed phoenix roosting. In order to remember this, people named here Phoenix.

In Fenghuang ancient town there are many alleys. Every alley has its own independent features and shops.

There are many shops selling foods ,small commodities ,clothing ,carving and so on. but the mean characteristic that was really impressed me is its style ,classic and elegant but it also very artistic. At night,the town was still bustling. I really love this kind of atmosphere.

However,this trip gives me lots of fun, let me learn more knowledge and other people's habitude. For example, in Miao village, people used their songs to show their emotion. Usually, they will have Silver jewelry, Miao embroidery, and batik on their clothes because it's there mean characteristics of Miao costume.


本文文字素材来自:老师Tracy, William

图片素材来自:老师Tracy,学生王鼎希,毛馨可等

 

 桃李芬芳 春华秋实 

我院即将迎来十五周年庆,敬请期待!

 







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